Sexual abuse or rape
Punching, kicking, or any other violence
Being told you are not good enough
Griffith, B. A., & Graham, C. C. (2004). Meeting needs and making meaning: The pursuit of goals. Journal of Individual Psychology, 60(1).
Shifron, R. (2010). Adler’s need to belong as the key for mental health. Journal of Individual Psychology, 66(1), 10-29.
Yang, J., Milliren, A., & Blagen, M. (2010). The psychology of courage: An Adlerian handbook for healthy social living. UK, Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group.